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What Is Diabetes?

  • Diabetes Overview
  • Risk Factors for Diabetes
  • Taking Action Against Dia…
  • How is diabetes treated?
  • Diabetes Treatments
  • Medications for type 2 di…

Diabetes Overview

  Diabetes is a disorder that affects the way the body uses food for energy. Normally, the sugar we take in is digested and broken down to a simple sugar,

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Risk Factors for Diabetes

There are many risk factors for type 2 diabetes. Some of them come from our family history and genetics and so are with us always, but some can be turned

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Taking Action Against Diabetes

When someone has any of the risk factors for diabetes, prediabetes testing is recommended. The main tests are the fasting plasma glucose test and the oral glucose tolerance test, although

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How is diabetes treated?

The major goal in treating diabetes is to minimize any elevation of blood sugar (glucose) without causing abnormally low levels of blood sugar.

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Diabetes Treatments

Diabetes is a complicated disease. It can affect many areas of your body as well as many areas of your life. Treatments for both type 1 and type 2 diabetes

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Medications for type 2 diabetes

t's important to remember that if a drug can provide more than one benefit (lower blood sugar and have a beneficial effect on cholesterol, for example), it should be preferred.

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Announcement : NIDAN a Medico Social NGO shall support the ADF for all its social activities unitedly. Gen secretary ADF and Chairman

NIDAAN


Our sister NGO

NIDAAN involved in medical and sociocultural activities in Upper Assam.

Members of ADF completed their earlier research projects and published their works in national and international journals. Celebrating world Diabetes Day every year and other health care activities in collaboration with NIDAAN.

Members of NIDAAN supported a research methodology workshop on 24th and 25th April in Dibrugarh.

Address:

Satsang Vihar Road, Seujpur

Dibrugarh - 786001

Risk Factors for Diabetes

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There are many risk factors for type 2 diabetes. Some of them come from our family history and genetics and so are with us always, but some can be turned around to help reverse or prevent type 2 diabetes. What are they and what can we do to cut the risk?

Top 7 Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes :

1. Obesity

The number one risk factor for type 2 diabetes is obesity. The National Center for Health Statistics states that 30% of adults are obese. That's 60 million people. Greater weight means a higher risk of insulin resistance, because fat interferes with the body's ability to use insulin. According to the same study, the number of overweight kids has tripled since 1980. The number of children being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes has also risen.

2. Sedentary Lifestyle

The Surgeon General's Report on Physical Activity and Health (USA, 1996) states that "a sedentary lifestyle is damaging to health and bears responsibility for the growing obesity problems." Inactivity and being overweight go hand in hand towards a diagnosis of type 2. Muscle cells have more insulin receptors than fat cells, so a person can decrease insulin resistance by exercising. Being more active also lowers blood sugar levels by helping insulin to be more effective. It's a win-win.

3. Unhealthy Eating Habits

Ninety% of people who have been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes are overweight. Unhealthy eating contributes largely to obesity. Too much fat, not enough fiber, and too many simple carbohydrates all contribute to a diagnosis of diabetes. Eating right is can turn the diagnosis around and reverse or prevent Type 2.

4. Family History and Genetics

It appears that people who have family members who have been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes are at a greater risk for developing it themselves. African Americans, Hispanic-Americans and Native Americans all have a higher than normal rate of type 2 diabetes. Having a genetic disposition towards type 2 is not a guarantee of a diagnosis however. Lifestyle plays an important part in determining who gets diabetes.

5. Increased Age

It's a sad but true fact. The older we get, the greater our risk of type 2 diabetes. Even if an elderly person is thin, they still may be predisposed to getting diabetes. Scientists theorize that the pancreas ages right along with us, and doesn't pump insulin as efficiently as it did when we were younger. Also, as our cells age, they become more resistant to insulin as well.

6. High Blood Pressure and High Cholesterol

These two bad boys are the hallmark risk factors for many diseases and conditions, including type 2 diabetes. Not only do they damage your heart vessels but they are two key components in metabolic syndrome, a cluster of symptoms including obesity, a high fat diet, and lack of exercise. Having metabolic syndrome increases your risk of heart disease, stroke, and diabetes.

7. History of Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes affects about 4% of all pregnant women. It begins when hormones from the placenta make the mother insulin resistant. Many women who have gestational diabetes develop type 2 diabetes years later. Their babies are also at some risk for developing diabetes later in life.

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